13. Past Participles that do NOT add "ge"

Past Participles without "ge"

Read the rules for verbs without "ge" in the past participle and fill in the gaps to show that you have understood. Press "Check" to check your answers.

There are several types of verb that do not have "ge" in the past participle.
If the verb begins with any of the following combinations of letters:
"be"
"emp"
"ent"
"er"
"ver"
"zer"
do not add "ge" to the past participle.
E.g.
to visit - besuchen - besucht
to discover - entdecken - entdeckt
to explain - erklären - erklärt
to try - versuchen - versucht
to tear to pieces - zerfleischen - zerfleischt

Give the past participle:
to visit (places) - besichtigen -
to send away - verschicken -
to mess up - versauen -

Also verbs which end in "ieren" do not add "ge" to the past participle.
E.g.
to telephone - telefonieren - telefoniert
to study - studieren - studiert

Give the past participle:
to repare - reparieren -
to reserve - reservieren -